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VOLUME 114 (2021) | ISSUE 9 | PAGE 625
Topological phase transitions in strongly correlated systems: application to Co3Sn2S2
The topological transition in the strongly correlated half-metallic ferromagnetic compound Co3Sn2S2 from Weyl semimetal (including chiral massless fermions) to a non-magnetic state is treated. This transition goes with a change in topological invariant, and is accompanied by a non-topological transition from saturated ferromagnetic to paramagnetic state, the minority Fermi surface being transformed from ghost (hidden) to real. A corresponding description is given in terms of slave fermion representation for the effective narrow-band Hubbard model. The system Co3Sn2S2 provides a bright example of coexistence of non-trivial topology and strong low-dimensional ferromagnetism. A comparison is performed with other compounds where frustrations result in formation of a correlated paramagnetic state.