Merging gauge coupling constants without Grand Unification
F. R. Klinkhamer*, G. E. Volovik+ 1)
*Institute for Theoretical Physics, University of Karlsruhe (TH), 76128 Karlsruhe, Germany
+Low Temperature Laboratory, Helsinki University of Technology, FIN-02015 HUT, Finland
+L. D. Landau Institute for Theoretical Physics RAS, 119334 Moscow, Russia
PACS: 11.10.Hi, 12.10.Kt, 12.60.Re, 67.90.+z, 71.10.-w
The merging of the running couplings constants of
the weak, strong, and electromagnetic
fields does not require
the unification of these gauge fields at high energy.
It can, in fact, be the property of a general
fermionic system in which gauge bosons are not fundamental.